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  • Writer's pictureZachary Epps

What's a 3,2,1 Buydown?

When it comes to obtaining a loan, there are various options available that can help borrowers reduce their monthly payments. One such option is the 3,2,1 buydown loan.


A 3,2,1 buydown loan is a type of mortgage that offers a reduced interest rate for the first few years of the loan term. The numbers 3, 2, and 1 refer to the percentage points by which the interest rate is reduced during each of the first three years of the loan term.


Here’s how it works:

In the first year of the loan, the interest rate is reduced by 3 percentage points. For example, if the initial interest rate is 5%, it will be reduced to 2% for the first year of the loan term.

In the second year of the loan, the interest rate is reduced by 2 percentage points. Using the same example, the interest rate would increase to 4% in the second year.


In the third year of the loan, the interest rate is reduced by 1 percentage point. Using the same example, the interest rate would increase to 5% in the third year and remain at that level for the remainder of the loan term.


The 3,2,1 buydown loan can be a good option for borrowers who want to reduce their initial monthly payments and who expect to have higher income in the future. It can also be useful for borrowers who expect to refinance their loan after a few years, as the reduced interest rate during the first few years of the loan can help them save money on interest payments.


However, it’s important to note that the 3,2,1 buydown loan is not for everyone. Borrowers who plan to stay in their home for a long period of time may end up paying more in interest over the life of the loan compared to a traditional fixed-rate mortgage.


Additionally, borrowers should be aware that the interest rate on a 3,2,1 buydown loan may be slightly higher than the interest rate on a traditional fixed-rate mortgage, as lenders factor in the cost of offering the buydown option.


In conclusion, a 3,2,1 buydown loan can be a useful option for borrowers who want to reduce their initial monthly payments and who expect to have higher income in the future. However, it’s important to carefully consider the pros and cons before deciding whether it’s the right option for you.


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Zachary Epps


GRI®, ABR®, MCNE®, CLHMS®, SRES®, REALTOR®,


RE/MAX Hall of Fame, RE/MAX Platinum Club

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