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  • Writer's pictureZachary Epps

How Do Rising Interest Rates Affect Home Prices?

With the recent hike in interest rates by the U.S Federal Reserve, the resulting effect is expected to spiral into housing costs and the mortgage industry.

Mortgage rates are now double what they were at the beginning of the year, which has a chilling effect on home-buying activity.


The relationship between interest rates and house prices?


Market dynamics

A rise in interest rates can have a wide variety of effects due to the complexity of the dynamic free market. But in a "strong" market, the impact of a rise on the real estate industry is apparent.

The interest rate sets the price of borrowing. They make financial institutions, including banks, tack on more interest on the principle of loans, including mortgages.

Mortgage considerations

When interest rates rise, home prices often decline because homeowners must pay more money each month to maintain the same mortgage.

As a result, fewer individuals desire to buy homes, and mortgages are put on hold or reduced in size, causing real estate prices to decrease or remain flat until rates come back.

Credit availability

Additionally, low-interest rates are excellent for homebuyers since it makes access to credit and financing more affordable. A rise in rates has the opposite impact, making homes less affordable and increasing the expense of debt payments.

A rise of just one percentage point in the interest rate can significantly affect monthly mortgage payments.

The present interest rates

The current mortgage interest rate, which is affected by the federal funds rate and other market rates, has an effect on the cost of real estate.

Recent rate hikes have had a significant effect on consumers' disposable income. Consumer purchasing power among first-time homebuyers in the United States is down 24% from a year ago due to rising mortgage interest rates of around 6%.

When interest rates rise, consumers may be unable to afford housing, resulting in a drop in demand and consequently, home prices.

New construction and housing inventory

If the costs of labor and materials go up, houses will automatically cost more to purchase. Rising interest rates will hence result in limited supply in the housing market.

In the housing market, supply increases when there are more construction activities, or when the real estate market is thriving.


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